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ݻ, ѳ ߳ ϳ۳ٵ,

ݻ: ϳ ϳ ɳ

ݳ ݹѳ ݻ:

û Ż ѳϻ ϳ () ϳ ϳ׳ųϻ

ݳϳ ݻݻ ( 1 ),

ݹ ϳ ϳ ϳ ѳ.

[pic],

ժ

Pt - ϳ (ϳ) ݻ ٳ ,

P - ϳ׳ųϻ ݳϳ ݻݻ `

,

t - ݻ ٳ` ,

360. - ųٳݳϳ ` (12 x 30 ):

ϳ ݳϳ ߷ ݻ ѳ,

ųٳݳϳ ݹ

(365 ϳ 366).

[pic]Pt߷ [pic]

߷ ݻ:

߳ ųٳݳϳѳ ׳ ݻ ٳ ѳ񳵻

ϳ ٳ, , ϳݳ ϳ

ͳ. ѳݹ ݳݳϳ ϳ ѳɳ ٳٳ

Ǩ ųٳݳϪ ݳϳ ͳݻ ϳﳵ۳ ݳϳ

:

ϳ 볹 ѻ۳ ݳӨ.

[pic]

ժ

[pic] ϳ 볹 ٻ :

ϳ 볹 ٳ ϳ ߻ ݳ ٻ ϳ

ٻ ϳ ųٳݳϳѳ ݻ ٳ.

[pic]

[pic] Pt ߷ [pic]

볹ݻ ѳ ݻ ѳϳ

ݻ:

гٳ ѳ ѻ۳ ϻ.

[pic]

[pic] Pt߷[pic]

гٳ ݻ ѳ ݻ

ݻ:

ﳷͻ ѳٳ ݻ, ϳ ߻

ϳ ɳ Ż ٻ ϳ׳ųϻ ݳϳ

ݻݻ:

[pic]

Pt ߷ [pic] [pic][pic]

[pic][pic]

Pt ߷ [pic]

ϳͪ ݳϳ ɳ

ٳ 2 ݻ.

- ٳûٳϳϳ ,

- ϳ :

سûٳϳϳ ѳ ѻ۳ ݳӨ.

[pic]

ϳ ѳ ѻ۳ ݳӨ.

k = S[pic] ; k = S[pic]

ݳϳ ѳݻ S k = D ٻ :

ݳ. 60000 ݳϳ Ż ѳﳷ

1996 ϳ 20-ݪ 1996 ϳ ٵ

25- ϳ 75%- ٳ ٳ (ݳѳ ):

Ż ѳϻ ѳ ݻ ٳ

ݻ ٳٳ ٳ: ܳ Ż ѳϻ

˳۳ ߷ ݳ.

11 + 29 + 31 ٳ + 30 + 31

ٳ + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30

ٵ + 31 ٵ + 30 ۻٵ + 25 ٵ =

340 :

ݻ ѳٳ 2 ճݳ.

1. ߷ ݻ, ˳۳ ųϻ ߷ ݳ.

P t ߷ = [pic] = 41803

ѳﳷ ٳٳ .

S1 = 60000 + 41803 = 101803 :

2. ϳ ݻ, ˳۳ ųϻ ߷ ݳ.

Pt = [pic] = 42500 :

ѳﳷ ٳٳ .

S2 = 60000 + 42500 = 102500 ( + 697 ):[pic]

γ ó ϳ 400000 ѳϪ 1999 ϳ ۻٵ 26-

ٳ ٳ: ѳϳ ѳٳ ٻ 1999

ϳ 12-

135% ѳٳ : Ż ѳϻ ѳϳ

ٳ :

ܳ ѳϻ .

t = 19 + 30 ٵ + 31 ٵ + 26

ۻٵ = 106 :

ϳ ݳӨ ѳϻ ѳϳ ٳ

ٻ 106 ѳٳ.

k = 400000 x [pic] = 400000 x 0,6025 = 241000 :

, ѳϳ ݳ 241000 ,

ٳٳ ٪ 400000 , ѻ勉 ٳ

ϳ .

D = 400000 241000 = 159000 :

ϳųϻ ݳϳ ݻݻ ٳݻ ϳ ݳݳϳ

ٳ / k/ , ɳ Ż /s/ ɳ

ݻ /P/ ٳ.

S = k + P,

n ݻ ۳ٵ ݳϳ ݻݻ ٪

S = k + n x P = k + n x [pic]x k = k x (1 + n x[pic]),

ժ

S - ɳ Ż ٳ ,

n ݳϳ ݻݻ ųϻ ,

P ׳ ݻ ϳ ٳ ,

[pic]- ϳ 볹 ,

K - Ͻݳϳ ϳ ٳ ,

(1 + n x [pic]) ϳ ݻ ɳٳ ٳ:

ٳûٳϳϳ ϳݳ [pic]

볹 .

k = S x [pic] , ժ

n ϳ 볹 ϳ ,

[pic] - ٳ :

ϳ ٳ ݳӨ ѻ۳ .

K = S (1 n x d), ժ

(1 n x d) - ٳ :

ϳ ѳٳ ߳ѳ ϳ

ѳٳ, ϳ ߳

:

û ѳ ݻ 񳵳 ׳ ϳ,

dz k- () Ͻݳϳ ٳ, ɳ Ż ٳ

ѳ ݻ ݳӨ.

S = k x [pic], ժ

[pic]- ݻ ٻͳٳ ٳ :

ݳӨ ϻ ݻ ϳǽ, [pic]

ݻ ϳǽٳ ٳ:

ݻ ݳӨ Ͻݳϳ ϳ ٻͳ ϳ ߻

ݳ d ѳٳ .

S = [pic] , ժ

d ѳٳ ,

n ٳ ݻ ݳ:

ݳ, ϳ 9000 ݳϳ Ż

ѳﳷ, ٳ 4 ѻ 10% 볹: Ż

ϳݳݻ ѻ۳ ݳϳ ѳݻ.

o ߻ ѳﳷ ɳ Ż ϳ ѳٳ

ݻ,

o ϳٻ ϳ ݻ ϳ ݳ˳Ͻݳϳ Ż ɳٳ

ɳ,

o ߻ ѳﳷ ɳ Ż ѳٳ

ݻ,

o ϳٻ ݻ ϳ Ͻݳϳ Ż ɳٳ ɳ,

o ۳ óϻ ˳ ˳ ݻ ϳ

Ż ɳٳ ݻ ϳﳵ:

1) [pic]= 0,1 S = 9000 x (1 + 0,1 x 4) = 12600 :

2) d = 0,1 S = [pic] = 15000 :

ϳ ݻ ϳ ɳٳ ѳϳ

ݻϳ۳ݻ ( 1).

1.

|ػ |볹ݻ |гٳ |

| | |ݻ |

|г|%-ݻ |ɳ||ɳ|

| |ٳ | | | |

|ųϻ | |ٳ | |ٳ |

|n |P = s |S |D = s |S |

| |k | |k | |

|0 |- |9000 |- |9000 |

|1 |900 |9900 |1000 |10000 |

|2 |1800 |10800 |2250 |11250 |

|3 |2700 |11700 |3857 |12857 |

|4 |3600 |12600 |6000 |15000 |

[pic]= 0,1 S = 9000 x [pic]= 13176,9 :

3) d = 0,1 S = [pic] = 13717,4 :

ݻ ϳ ɳٳ ѳϳ ݻϳ۳ݻ

ѻ۳ ( 2).

2.

|ػ |볹ݻ |гٳ |

| | |ݻ |

|г|%-ݻ |ɳ||ɳ|

| |ٳ | | | |

|ųϻ | |ٳ | |ٳ |

|n |P = s |S |D = s |S |

| |k | |k | |

|0 |- |9000 |- |9000 |

|1 |900,0 |9900 |1000,0 |10000,0 |

|2 |1890,0 |10890,0 |2111,1 |11111,1 |

|3 |2979 |11979,0 |3345,7 |12345,7 |

|4 |4176,9 |13176,9 |4717,4 |13717,4 |

5) ˳ ߳ѳ ݻ ٻͳ

ѳٳ ݻ, ˳

볹ݻ:

1.3. ܺ β ̲ܺ в

βڲ

Żû ϳ ݳ ϳ ٳݳ

ݻ ݻ ٳ, ݪ ݳϳ

(ݳ) ݻ, ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ݻ:

ݻ ݳϳ Ż,

ݻϳ ϻ۳ ϳݳϳ ϳ ѳ񳵻 ճ

ݻ ݳ: ݻ ݳϳ ѳݹ

Ż Ż , ϳ۳ϳ ݻ ٳ ݳ˳ٳ:

, ӻ ݻ, ݻ ӻ

ٳ : û ݻ , ӻ ٳ

/C/, û ݻ ٻ

Żû ϳ, ݻ ϳ۳ϳ

/C/: ݻ ϳ ݻ ݳ ճٳ

ó: ϳ ѳݻ ݻ ݳϳ Ż ѻ ϳ

߻ :

ݹ ﳵ۳ϳ ϳ ݻ 񳵳

ϳ۳ϳ ݻ, ٳ ѳ

ѳ񳵻۳ٵ: /C/ ٳ ׳, ѳ

/C/ : ۳ ݻ ճ

Ө ٳų: سų (ϳ ݷɻ ˳ 񻹦 )

Żû ϳ ͳ ٳݳݻ ݳ ϳ

ݳѳٳ ѳٳ: سų ϳ ͳ ϳٳ ,

ݪ ݻ ׳ , ˳Ż (ϳ۳ϳ)

: ݻ ˳Ż ٻ ѳ ϳ ѳ

, ϳ, ϳ, : ϳϳ

ϳ ݻϳ۳ݻ ѻ۳ ϻ.

P

/C/

ٳų

ѳ

/C/

׳

2

.

˳ ó ݻ ׳ ϳ

: , ϳݳ ͳ, ٳ

, ͳ ٳ : ó ٳ

ݻ ɳ ݻ, ۳ϳ ۳

ݻ ٻ :

ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ݳϳ Ż 100 ٳϳ

dz ѳ, ˳Ż.

K = [pic], ժ

K - ݻ ˳Ż ,

C - ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ,

C - ݻ ݳϳ :

ݳ, û ݻ ׳ 2000 1000 ݳϳ

Ż, ݻ ˳Ż ϳ. [pic]

K = [pic]%:

, ߳ ݻϳ

ϻݻ ݻ Żû ,

۳ϳ ݹ: Żû ٻ ݻݻ ϳ

ӳ ݳѳ ݹѳ ٳٵ ݹ ϳ ׳, ɪ

ϳ ݻ :

۳ϳ ݹ ѳ 2 ݳϳ ѳ.

o ѳٳ ٻϳ ,

o ݹ ѳϳ Żû ۳ ݻ ٳ:

г ٳ ϳ ѻ : ۳ϳ ݹ

ѳ ݳϳ.

[pic], ժ

[pic] - ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ,

[pic] b - b- ٳٵ ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ,

m - ݻ ݳ , -

۳ϳ ݹ ѳٳ ѳٳ,

n - ϻݻ :

ݳ, 1997 1998 ϳݻ ѳٳ 3 ݻϳ ϻݻ

ݻ 񳵻۳ ϳ ѻ۳ ۳ݻ.

12.

|ݻ| | |

|ϳ |ݻ |ݻ |

|ϻ|ϳ۳ϳ |ݳ (ѳ) |

|ݻ |() | |

| |1997. |1998. |1997. |1998. |

|1 |1800 |2700 |380 |760 |

|2 |3000 |4600 |750 |750 |

|3 |2300 |2300 |120 |240 |

۳ݻ, 1 3

ϻݻ 1998 ϳ ϳ ݳ ճ 1 : 2

ѳ񳵻۳ٵ (380 : 760 120 : 240): ߻ 1997 ϳ 3

ݻϳ ϻݻ ݻ ݳϳ

۳ٵ.

[pic]

1998 ϳ ۹ .

[pic]

ϳ ۹ ٻ ݻ ϳ ˳Ż,

ѳ ųٳݳ ѳ 1 3 ϻݻ

ݻ ݳ ɳ: ۹ ׳ ݹ ϳ

׳ ٳ Ż ϳݳݻ ѻ۳

ѳݻ.

[pic]

۳ϳ ݹ ѻóϳ ѳٳ ųٳݳ ϳ

٦, ݳӨ ѳ ݻϳ ϻݻ ˳

ݻ K ͳ.

[pic] ,

K = [pic]:

۳ϳ ݹ ѳٳ ݳϳ ݹ ݹ

ѳϳ Żû : Ż ,

ϳݳ ݻϳ۳ϳ ݳϳ ݻ ٵ ϳ

: ݹ , ݻ ݳ

ջǪ ϳ ݻ ۳, ۳ ѳٳ

ݻ ߳ݳ۳ ٳﳵ۳ ѳٳ˳: ݳ,

۳ - ݹ ӳݻ

߳ ϳ۳ϳ ۳ ٳ ٳݻ ݹ ϳ

ݹݻ ѳٳ ٻ: ݹ ѳ ٵ

ݹݻ ݳϳ, ߻ ݻǪ ϻ,

ϻݻ, ݹ ϳ ﳹϳ

dzݻ.

[pic] , ժ

[pic]- ٵ ݹ ٳ ,

C C b- ٳ ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ߻-

ݳϳ ,

Kb b- ٳٵ ׳ ݻ ݳ ,

m - ݻ ݳ , ٵ ݹ-

ѳϳ ٻ [2]:

߳ ݹ ѳѳ

۳ϳ ݹ ѳٳ ٻϳ, ϳ ݳɦ

û ݳ ٵ ѻ: ݷ ۳ ݹ ѳ

19- (1886 ϳ) ٻϳ ݳϳݻ . .

: - ٳ 11 ݻ ϳ۳ϳ ݻ

ųݻ 11-: 1928 ϳ ѳٳ ٻϳ ϳ

ݻ ó ѳϳ ٻ ۹ ϳٻ

100: ϻ ݹ ѳ 1932 ϳ 2-

, ѳϳ ٻ ϳٻ 41: 1987 ϳ ݹ

ѳϳ ٻ 2400-: , ݹ ѳٳ

ٻϳ ϳɳ . ϻݻ ݳ ˳ ݻ

ͳ ۹ ͳ ߳

ݻ, ճ ׳ ݻ ݳ ͳ

ٻ ݹ ѳٳϳ ٻ ۳ ϻ۳

ݻ ٳݳٳ :

ݻ 4 ݹݻ.

1) ݳϳ ݹ,

2) ݹ,

3) ݳ ݹ,

4) ϳ ݹ:

߳ ݻ ϳ ݹ ѳٳϳ

ݹ ϻݻ ճ ٳݳݻ ѻ: ٻݳ

: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


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