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1.

, , , .

( ) =7.88.1, .

³

䳿 ()

6.57
1.52 . -.
12 7.58.5 .

, () ( ). - - . ̳ . ( ), , , - ; - ; . - , , , , -, .

12- - , =7.88.5, :

CH2OC(O)C17H35 CH2OH 2C17H35COOH

CHOC(O)C17H33 ࠠ CHOH + C17H33COOH

CH2OC(O)C17H35 CH2OH

12- , , (,,,).  䳿: , – -, і .

CH2OC(O)C17H35 CH2O()C17H35

CHOC(O)C17H33 , 2Π CHO + C17H33CO

CH2OPOCH2CH2N(CH3)3 2ΖЖΖ22N(CH3)3

HO O HO O

CH2OC(O)C17H35 2

CHOH , 2Π ͖͠ + C17H35COOH

CH2OPOCH2CH2N(CH3)3 2ΖЖΖ22N(CH3)3

HO O HO O

CH2OH , 2Π CHOH+HOPOCH2CH2N(CH3)3

CH2OH , 2 34 + Ζ22N(CH3)3

:

, 80 % (, , ) 20 % ( ).

. 㳿. : , , ; , , . , - .

-, ( ). :

˳ ;

;

150200 , - () , .

, . - . - , - .

, 㳿 .

2.

䳿 .

1. :

CH2OH CH2OH

CHOH CHOH

CH2OH CH2OP=O

HO OH

2. - - :

CH2OH H2OH HC=O

CHOH + ͠ C=O ࠠ HCOH

CH2OP=O CH2OP=O HCOP=O

HO OH HO OH H HO OH

: 2 , 22 . - , .

3.

1904 . ³ , , 6- .

䳿 , , .

, - , ( ) .

ϳ :

C13H27 1327 C13H27

CH2 427 2 SKoA CH2

CH2 2 CH2 +

COOH =Π Π C=O

ΖЖΖ SKoA

-򠠠 -

:

C13H27 1327 C13H27 13H27

CH2 + ͠ ͠ HOH CHOH + C=O

CH2 ͠ CH2 CH2

C=O =Π C=O C=O

SKoA SKoA SKoA SKoA

- ࠠ

- - -

C13H27 CH3

C=O + C=O

SKoA SKoA

4- - , . - - 75=35 . 12 - , 8 , 812=96 . 96+ 35 1 = 130 .

- , . .

( ). 䳿, (, - , , ).

4.

O

CH3C=O + CH3C=O CH3CCH2C=O + HSKoA

SKoA SKoA SKoA

H2O

HSKoA

O

CH3CCH2C=O

OH

( )

CO2 ͠ +

CH3CCH3 CH3CHCH2COOH

O OH

. - .

(, ). ϳ - ( ).

, . : - ; ; .

1. . (-) ᑺ :

: 1, 2


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